“Small Cell” does not mean small, unobtrusive equipment. It means that every cell provider will hang its own antennae enclosure (up to 6 cubic feet each) on the pole, with other associated equipment (up to 28 cubic feet – the size of a large refrigerator) located nearby.
Exposure to all types of wireless radiation is associated with cancer and other health effects. The World Health Organization has classified wireless radiation as a Group 2B “possible human carcinogen,” and a recent study conducted by the National Institutes of Health has corroborated this finding. Studies have also found that typical exposures to RF radiation can cause disruption of normal brain development in fetuses and learning disabilities, heart abnormalities and electro-hypersensitivity. Populations especially at risk from this type of radiation include pregnant women, children, the elderly, and individuals with implanted medical devices, cardiac and neurological problems.
mmWaves have unique health impacts on the human body. Sweat ducts within our skin, the largest organ in the human body, act as antennae when in contact with mmWaves. The waves penetrate 1 to 2 millimeters of human skin tissue and are also absorbed by the surface layers of the eye’s cornea.
Plants and animals are also harmed by wireless radiation. Studies have found that RF radiation from mobile phone cell sites damages trees, and several studies have clearly demonstrated that RF radiation changes the makeup and structure of plants. Many research analyses also cite wireless technology as a contributing factor in the decline of bird, frog, bat, and honeybee populations. Sierra Club of California opposes 5G “small” cells.
mmWaves could make bacteria resistant to antibiotics. One study analyzing mmWave interaction with bacteria found that the waves can cause changes in bacteria’s sensitivity to different biologically active chemicals, such as antibiotics. This study suggests that mmWaves may have the ability to create antibiotic resistance in bacteria, creating concern in the medical community.
The FCC is pushing for implementation of 5G without considering its potential impacts on public health. To date, the U.S. Government has failed to update its exposure standards for wireless radiation, despite warnings from other branches of government, including the Department of the Interior, that the FCC safety standards are 30 years out of date when cell phones were the size of a brick! These standards consider only thermal (heat) effects, not other biological effects below the heating threshold which are now well-established scientifically.
The Internet of Things (IoT), as being marketed and sold to the public, is a vision of wirelessly connecting every “thing” possible to the Internet. Driverless cars. All machines, appliances, objects, devices and even our our brains. In addition, the IoT will include artificial intelligence (AI), augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), robots, microchipped humans, and augmented humans (humans with some form of technology implanted or integrated into their biology to “enhance” human characteristics or capabilities). IoT sensors and surveillance cameras will pepper our communities as well. New IoT cyber physical systems will render all objects “smart” – i.e. connected to the Cloud – thus enabling pervasive machine-to-machine communications and massive data collection. Smart mattresses, smart toothbrushes and even smart diapers.
You can turn off your cell phone. You cannot turn off a cell tower.
To learn more about 5G and the Internet of Things.
Partial List of References –
Massey University; “Could Future Wireless Communications Be Harmful?” (2016) http://www.massey.ac.nz/massey/ about-massey/news/article.cfm?mnarticle_uuid=238A1039-989F-C67F-4DA1-FFD7FF123DBB.
Soghomonyan et al, "Millimeter waves or extremely high frequency electromagnetic fields in the environment: what are their effects on bacteria?." Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 100.11 (2016): 4761-4771.
Pakhomov, et al, “Current state and implications of research on biological effects of millimeter waves: a review of the literature.”
Stein, Yael, MD of the Hadassah Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel, “Letter to the FCC in Opposition to 5G Spectrum Frontiers Millimeter Wave Technology.” https://ehtrust.org/letter-fcc-dr-yael-stein-md-opposition-5g-spectrum-frontiers/
Wu, Ting, Theodore S. Rappaport, and Christopher M. Collins. "The human body and millimeter-wave wireless communication systems: Interactions and implications." Communications (ICC), 2015 IEEE International Conference.
Osseiran, A[if, et al. "Scenarios for 5G mobile and wireless communications: the vision of the METIS project." IEEE Communications Magazine 52.5 (2014): 26-35.
Waldmann-Selsam, Cornelia, et al. "Radio-frequency radiation injures trees around mobile phone base stations." Science of The Total Environment 572 (2016): 554-569.
International Agency for Research on Cancer (World Health Organization); http://www.iarc.fr/en/media-centre/pr/ 2011/pdfs/pr208_E.pdf
Ryam et al, “Radio frequency radiation of millimeter wavelength: potential occupational safety issues related to surface heating.” Health Phys. 2000; 78 (2): 170-81.
Source: Grassroots Environmental Education. For a more complete listing of recent scientific studies on health impacts from wireless radiation, please visit